The Problem

The problem

Children abandonment due to poverty, disabilities of the child or lack of support for the family marks the life of the future generations.

 

  • Every year, more than 1000 children are abandoned by their parents, most of them at the maternity ward. Their childhood starts in a social institution or separated from their parents and are brought up by strangers.

 

  • Although Bulgaria is a member state of EU, our country is with the highest rate in Europe of children separated from their parents and the main reason for that is poverty, followed by the lack of support, social isolation and/or disability of the child. Bulgaria is the poorest country in EU – 41% of the population as a whole, and 43, 7% of the children are at risk of poverty or social isolation(research of the National statistical institute(NSI) “Statistics of the income and life conditions”, EU-SILC for 2015(based on data from 2014).

 

  • Today, nearly 2000 children live in homes for abandoned children. The life in these homes is restrictive and delays children`s development, the toys and the clothes are common, as well as the attention and cares. The social institutions do not invest in the child`s personality and do not stimulate the individual development of the children. A significant part of the children, accommodated in homes, fall behind in their physical and intellectual development. Half of the abandoned children are of Bulgarian origin, and 40% of them have disabilities (summarized information for the activity of Home for socio-health services for children in 2015 from State agency for child protection).