How to make a Fun Train to learn the colors and shapes:
- Cut a locomotive, chimney, window and 2 wheels out of colored paper. We glue together the chimney, the window and the wheels of the locomotive.
- We cut 3 trapezoidal wagons, 6 wheels – 2 for each wagon and 3 strips for connecting the wagons and the locomotive. We glue the wheels and connect the wagons and the locomotive with the strips.
- Cut 2 identical red squares, 2 yellow triangles and 2 green circles.
- Glue 1 figure on each car.
- We encourage the child to group geometric shapes by color and shape.
- More wagons with different geometric shapes in other colors can be added.
Through the Fun Train, children can learn colors, basic geometric shapes and how to group by color and shape. Color, shape and size are basic patterns on which children base their knowledge of specific objects and phenomena.
Kids love to draw with felt-tip pens. Encourage them to put the appropriate color cap on each felt-tip pen. Name their colors as you paint together – “We painted the sun with the yellow paint. The rubber duck is yellow, your blouse is also yellow.
Play different games – “Which pencils are the same color?” Or “Find the different one.” – put 3-4 objects of one color in front of the child and one completely different. Ask him to find the object that differs from the others in color. You can do the same with shapes. You can organize for example a “hunt” for red things. Look for “red” together. At home – in the interior and clothes, on a walk – show red cars, license plates, etc. Read books, look at pictures with images of red objects. When the child already knows what red is, organize a game “Who will be the first to see and name something red?”
During the meal, name the colors of the different foods:
- Red – strawberries, tomatoes, red peppers;
- Orange – pumpkin, carrot, orange;
- Violet – grapes, blueberries;
- Greens – lettuce, peas, kiwi, avocado, grapes;
- Yellow – banana, lemon, cheese;
- White – rice, cottage cheese, milk.
Expand the child’s perception of the world – during a walk name the colors of all objects you can see.
When drawing or just walking, talk about the shape of the objects – “Look, the house has a roof like a triangle.” Children will understand the information better if you regularly compare objects and geometric shapes: the plate is round, the book is square, the roof of the house is triangular. By the way, the geometric shape that children remember the fastest is considered to be a circle. Start with the basic geometric shapes – circle, square and triangle.
You can use different puzzles, children’s books, sorters, cubes, verses and songs to learn colors and shapes. Use your imagination to come up with a game that your child will like to learn colors and shapes more easily and in a fun way. When the child separates the triangle from the square, they develop their spatial thinking, memory, attention, fine motor skills and visual – motor coordination. When the child explains that they will take the red car instead of the green one, they also develop their language skills.
All knowledge must bring joy and positive emotions. Remember to praise the child for his diligence. This will be an incentive for further success. The love of parents is what should be the basis of all joint activities.